The 8 Most Common Types of Eye Diseases

The 8 Most Common Types of Eye Diseases – Cases of blindness in Indonesia as a whole are not so high. Even so, visual impairment and blindness are still a serious health scourge, especially in the elderly group. The high rate of blindness in the elderly is largely due to cataracts, which can indeed develop with age. So, what are the other types of eye diseases that are most common?

What are the most common eye diseases?
The following list provides an explanation of common eye diseases. Call your eye doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms.

1. Cataract

Cataract is one of the most common causes of blindness in Indonesia, even reaching 50 percent. According to Riskesdas data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia in 2013, per every 1,000 people, there is 1 new cataract patient. The highest cataract cases were in North Sulawesi Province and the lowest was occupied by DKI Jakarta daftar situs qq.

The high number of cases of blindness due to cataracts in Indonesia is mostly caused by ignorance of having had cataracts and/or not being aware of the symptoms of cataracts.

Cataracts cause the lens of the eye to cloud up, so vision appears blurry at first. People with cataracts usually have difficulty seeing at night, are sensitive to light, and cannot distinguish colors clearly.

In addition to age, several things that can increase the risk of cataracts from a young age are genetics, untreated diabetes, untreated hypertension, smoking, and having had certain other eye diseases.

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2. Glaucoma

This eye disease accounts for 13.4% of blindness in Indonesia. Glaucoma occurs when high pressure in the eye causes damage to the optic nerve, which is responsible for vision.

There are two types of glaucoma, namely primary open angle glaucoma and angle closure glaucoma. Both can be caused by age, heredity, complications of hypertension in the eye, complications of diabetes, to certain eye diseases such as retinal detachment and retinitis (inflammation of the retina).

Glaucoma can be prevented by early detection of the underlying disease and Situs Bola Terlengkap the right treatment.

3. Refraction problem

Refractive eye problems are visual disturbances that cause light entering the eye not to be focused directly on the retina. Refractive errors cause blindness by 9.5% in Indonesia.

Some of the refractive errors of the eye include:

Nearsightedness (hypermetropia/hyperopia): causes blurry vision when looking at near objects, such as when reading a book or using a computer.
Nearsightedness (myopia): causes blurry vision when viewing objects from a distance, such as when watching TV or driving.
Astigmatism: causes double vision when viewing objects from near or far away (cylindrical eyes).
Presbyopia (old eyes): occurs at the age of 40 years and over which causes blurry vision at close range. This condition is associated with increasing age.
Common symptoms of eye refraction are the inability to see objects clearly (either far or near), blurred or ghosted vision, until the head feels dizzy when focusing the point of vision on an object.

4. Conjunctivitis (pink eye)

Conjunctivitis or eye irritation often occurs in Indonesia due to exposure to pollution fumes, allergies, exposure to chemicals (soap or shampoo), to infections (viruses, bacteria, and fungi). Conjunctivitis causes red, painful, itchy, watery eyes to swelling around the eye area. Red eyes can be cured with the use of eye drops.

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5. Pterygium

Pterygium is an eye disorder due to the presence of a mucous membrane that covers the whites of the eyes. This eye disease often occurs due to frequent exposure to solar radiation.

Symptoms can include red eyes, blurred vision, and itchy or hot eyes. The presence of the mucous membrane also makes the eye look like a foreign object flickering. Pterygium can be cured by prescribing corticosteroid eye drops to prevent further complications or by surgery.

6. Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. This eye disease is caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (the retina).

At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or show only mild vision problems. However, this condition can lead to blindness eventually.

This condition can develop in anyone with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes or when your blood sugar is poorly controlled, the more likely you are to develop diabetic retinopathy.

7. Age-related macular degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) occurs when a part of the retina called the macula is damaged. With AMD, you will lose your central vision.

In this state, you cannot see the details well. However, your peripheral (side) vision will remain normal. For example, you look at a watch. You may see the hour digits, but not the hands.

Age-related macular degeneration is a very common eye disease. This condition is a common cause of vision loss in people 50 years of age or older.

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8. Strabismus

Strabismus is a condition when your eyes don’t align properly and point in different directions. You may know it by the term squint.

Strabismus affects vision, because both eyes must be in the same place to see well. This condition can result from a number of things, including diabetes, a head injury, or damage to the eye muscles after eye surgery.

Some of the eye diseases above can be treated and prevented from getting worse and putting your vision at risk. As an early prevention effort, you can check your eyes regularly to an ophthalmologist. That way, you can find out earlier if there are certain conditions in your eyes.